//What Material Would Be Good For Making Socks?

What Material Would Be Good For Making Socks?

What material would be good for making socks?

This is a question has been asked by many people. Since learning about it is extremely important to a socks manufacturer before they start their production lines in their own factories, and for the daily customers, knowing the respective features of each sock material can effectively guide them to make the choice based on their personalized needs. Now, let’s learn the commonly-used sock material types in socks production. After the reading, you will know what is the best sock materials based your specific needs.

1. Cotton

cotton sock material

This is a fiber that is used more than any fibers in making socks around the world. It is one of the most popular fibers that are durable, light, washable, excellent in absorbing moisture and breathable.

Its moisture absorbing feature makes it a loved fabric. The cotton used in making socks is usually mixed with nylon to assist the movement of the moisture from the foot.

Before you wash your cotton socks, it is important to know if it is preshrunk or not. If it is not, you should avoid the socks from shrinking. You can wash them in cold water and dry them by hanging. Cotton is seen around the world, though pests and drought are the major reasons to affect the production.

Generally, there are some cotton types that are commonly used in knitting products based on their degree of finement.

  • Organic cotton is a natural and non-pollutant cotton. During its plantation, it mainly takes organic fertilizer, natural plowing and a biological way to stop disease and insect pests. While in its processing, no chemicals are allowed in its knitting process. Hence, it can be labeled as green, biological and environmentally friendly. As for the property of organic cotton, it is light in look, soft in touch, excellent in resilience. At the same time, it is also unique in the antibacterial and deodorant property. Based on all of these, it can effectively relieve allergy and skin discomfort caused by normal fabrics. This is especially important for children’s skincare. The performance of cool would enable it to be used in hot days and hot latitudes. In all, it is an excellent choice for both the health of human beings and the biological system.
  • Recycled cotton: also named as recovered cotton is just opposite to organic cotton as it is a reproduction after its original uses. It could be the worst of the cotton materials. Namely, it is usually spun from scraps that would have been discarded after the spinning, weaving or cutting processes.
  • Mercerized cotton: is also called ice silk cotton. Its production would generally involve burning and mercerizing process, which enables it to be light, soft and anti-wrinkle as well as maintenance of natural property of silk products. Cotton fiber after mercerizing normally witnesses some physical changes in its fiber morphology. Specifically, The longitudinal natural rotation disappears, the fiber cross-section expands, the diameter increases and the cross-section is approximately circular, which increases the regular reflection of light, so that the surface of the cotton fiber product has a silky luster and brightness; The high matt yarn increases the strength of the cotton fiber and the ability to absorb the dye.
  • Combed cotton is started in Britain in 1900. By word “comb”, it refers to the elimination of short fiber (shorter than 10 cm) among cotton fiber with the use of combing machine. In this way, only those comparatively longer and neat cotton fibers are maintained in the end. With the combed cotton, it can produce smooth yarns, make cotton tougher, not easy to pilling, and the quality more stable. Yarns out of combed cotton are comparatively better in quality. Also, the cloth that made of combed cotton normally enjoys a good performance in texture, washability, and durability.

2. Acrylic

Acrylic fabric is a kind of acrylic fabric. It is known to be a sturdy fiber that is both warm and soft. Acrylic fiber is a kind of clothing material that feels very well in touch. Its appearance is bright and beautiful, and the cost is relatively lower than wool and pure cotton. Apart from that, acrylic fiber also has its own unique advantages. It has good recovery performance and is not easy to be deformed. This is far stronger than pure cotton fabric.

Therefore, we usually use acrylic fiber to make a carpet. The appearance of acrylic fiber looks very similar to wool, so it is also named “artificial wool”. The properties of this man-made fabric allow it to match better with bright hues than any natural fiber out there.

3. Angora

The Angora here is named after the Angora goat in Turkey as it is, in fact, comes from the soft hair of this cute animal. This material is also called Mohair or MUKHYAR in Turkey. People in Turkey have always taken it as the best fur in the world.

In general, the surface of this fiber is smooth, the gloss is strong, the elasticity is good, the curl is small and washable. Mohair can be used for jacquard blankets, long coats, and high-gloss wool fabrics. This fiber is usually mixed with others and is known to be fluffy. So, knitting products that want to be looked fluffy may take this as an option. 

4. Bamboo fiber

bamboo fiber

This fiber comes from the bamboo, a plant that grows extremely fast. Bamboo fiber is usually favored by our clients as it is known to be more breathable and softer than cotton. It may be mistaken to be silk because of its natural sheen. Bamboo fiber in this way generally finds its way to be an exquisite fabric or material for socks because it is sturdy, soft, as well as hypoallergenic. Also, bamboo fiber socks are perfect for sweaty feet.

5. Cashmere fiber
This fiber is named after the Cashmere goat, a specialty in Tibet. As a precious knitting material, the Cashmere fiber is labeled as “diamond” among fibers or “soft gold”. Generally speaking, there are colors of white, green and purple, while the white is the most valuable one.

As for the feature of it, a single touch would enable a feeling of smooth, shiny and oily. In this way, a variety of high-class knitting products (socks included) are made with the cashmere fiber.

6. CoolMax
As a fabric that produced in 1986, Coolmax has been toped among athletes’ or sport-lovers choice. This material is a pursuit among younger consumers with regard to its excellent performance in softness, lightness, no deformation after washing and coolness. Based on the properties, this fiber performs quite well in sweat absorption and perspiration. 
7. Drymax
This fiber is a special form of the Olefin fabric. They are made by undergoing an anti-microbial treatment to ensure it is free of odor and moisture.
8. Lycra/Spandex/elastic

The fibers listed above are all made from polyurethane, a synthetic fiber. Spandex has been used quite often in place of rubber. Comparatively speaking, spandex enjoys a very performance in Acid and alkali resistance, sweat resistance, seawater resistance, dry cleaning resistance, wear resistance.

Spandex is usually combined with other fibers to give the socks the necessary comfort, elasticity, as well as close fit, they need. It allows provides additional support.

As a special type of spandex, elastic has its core, but is coated with nylon to ensure that the extreme stretch is reached.

9. Elastic
Elastic is a rubber or spandex covered with nylon that can provide extreme stretch. The rubber band is also known as the rubber wire, the rubber band, the elastic line, the draw line, etc., and the A-grade imported rubber wire is used as the core, and the high-quality double-strand fiber (polyester or nylon yarn, also known as Tedron Silk or nylon wire) is double-coated, according to customer requirements to produce stretch and back-extension and twist; etc. The raw materials produced from the A-grade and high-quality raw materials are of stable quality and durable anti-aging!
10. Flax
Flax is a pure natural fiber, it is an important raw material in textile industry, which can be spun purely or blended with other fibers. Flax fiber has many unique and irreplaceable advantages over animal fiber, plant fiber, and synthetic fiber. Above all, flax fiber is strong, tough and fine. Specifically, its intensity is 1.5 times of cotton fiber, 1.6 times of spun silk. Apart from that, it is smooth, neat and suitable to make high-grade dress makings.

Next, flax fiber has strong moisture absorption, fast in heating, friction resistance, high temperature resistant, non-flammable, not easy to crack, small conductivity, low rate of aspiration, antibacterial health care and other unique advantages, suitable for making aircraft wing cloth, cloth of military, fire control, aerospace, medical and health care, clothing and canvas, hose, indoor decorating and craft thorn rust products, etc.

Third, beat hemp waste and hemp chip also have taller use value, the short fiber after processing namely hemp cotton, can produce blended yarn with wool, silk, cotton, chemical fiber to wait for production, also can spin pure hemp yarn; Hemp chip is a high-quality raw material for making artificial sheet or high grade paper.

11. Nylon

Nylon is a polyamide fiber (nylon) a term, it is the world’s first synthetic fiber. Its most prominent advantage is that the wear resistance is higher than all other fibers, 10 times higher than cotton, 20 times higher than wool. Adding a little polyamide fiber to the blended fabric would greatly improve its wear resistance. When stretched to 3-6%, the elastic recovery rate can reach 100%. Polyamide fibers are 1-2 times stronger than cotton, 4-5 times stronger than wool, and 3 times stronger than viscose fibers. Socks made of nylon can be thin and silky or bulky and highly elastic.

But the heat resistance and light resistance of polyamide fiber is poor, maintenance is not good too. Hence, nylon is often used with other fibers in blends to give added stretch or to improve durability.

12. Polyester

It is widely used in the manufacture of clothing fabrics and industrial products. Polyester has excellent performance in the following aspects:

  • High strength. Its wet strength and dry strength are basically the same. Impact strength is 4 times higher than nylon and 20 times higher than viscose fiber;
  • Good elasticity. The elasticity is similar to that of wool, and can almost recover at an elongation of 5-6%;
  • Heat-resistant polyester is made by melt spinning, and the formed fiber can be heated and melted again;
  • Good thermoplastic, poor melting resistance;
  • Good wear resistance. Wear resistance is second only to wear resistance of the best nylon, than other natural fibers and synthetic fibers;
  • Good light resistance. Light resistance is second only to acrylic fiber;
  • Corrosion resistance;
  • Poor dyeing property, but good color fastness, not easy to fade;
  • Poor moisture absorption.

Also, disadvantages come along each time when you wear socks made of it, which would include poor hygroscopicity, stuffy feeling, static electricity, and staining dust.

13. Rayon

Man-made fiber can be divided into rayon, artificial cotton, artificial hair, the main varieties are viscose fiber, cellulose acetate and so on. The major properties of it are listed below:

  • Rayon is soft in the touch and lustrous on the surface. It’s an important textile material;
  • As natural fibers, it is excellent in air permeability, moisture absorption, and dyeing performance;
  • Viscose fiber fabrics have good acid and alkali resistance, solar resistance and resistance to other chemicals;
  • Ordinary viscose fabric has the characteristics of good drape.

However, rayon is also known for its poor rigidity, resilience and wrinkle resistance. Therefore, its garment normally has poor shape retention and is prone to wrinkles. Also, its wet strength is very low, only about 50% of dry strength, and the fabric shrinkage rate is alarming. So, it should be pre-shrinked before cutting.

14. Rubber

Coming from rubber trees, rubber latex is used in socks to add elasticity and stretch. Comparatively, this material is restricted in certain socks. In 2007, there is a design of rubber five fingers came out (with a shape of thin shoes) and win popular among some group of people. This design has been labeled as one of the best creation by Times Magazine. This kind of socks are especially favored among sports man and applied in medical treatment. Inspired by this abnormal outlook, some five-finger shoes are made nowadays in the world.

This sock is like a second layer of skin that forces the foot to touch the ground rather than the heel, which conforms to the natural balance. In this way, It would be helpful in preventing ankle sprains and sore knees.

15. Silk

Silk is a specialty of China. It is also called natural silk. Silk fiber is the only natural filament fiber that has been practically applied and is solidified from silkworm to mucus. It is a continuous long fiber which is solidified by the silk secretion of silkworm. This kind of material enjoys its advantage in a variety of aspects as below:

First, excellent in comfort. The silk is composed of protein fiber, which has good biocompatibility with the human body. Plus, the surface is smooth, and its friction index is coefficient to the human body, which boasts itself with the lowest 7.4%;

Second, excellent in absorption and desorption. Silk protein fiber is enriched with many hydrophilic groups such as amine groups (-CONH) and amino groups (-NH2), and because of its porosity, it is easy to diffuse water molecules. So it can absorb or emit moisture. Under normal temperature, it can help the skin to retain a certain amount of moisture without making the skin too dry. At the same time, it could quickly release the sweat and heat from the body in summer;

Third, silk has good performance in heat dissipation. There are many very fine fibers in the silk fiber, which are composed of smaller fine fibers. There is a large amount of air trapped in these gaps, which maintained the heat from being emitted and warm thereafter;

Fourth, it is excellent in sound absorption, vacuuming, and flame retardant.

16. Wool

Wool is mainly composed of protein. The use of it can be traced back to the Neolithic Age, which spread from Central Asia to the Mediterranean Sea and the rest of the world. No doubt, it quickly became the main textile raw material for both Asia and Europe. Sheep wool is divided into five categories according to its fineness and length, such as fine wool, semi-fine wool, long wool, hybrid hair, and coarse wool. The main factors determining wool quality are fineness, curl, color, strength, and grass content. Australia, the former Soviet Union, New Zealand, Argentina, and China are the largest producers of sheep wool in the world today. s mainly composed of protein. The use of wool can be traced back to the Neolithic Age, which then spread from Central Asia to the Mediterranean Sea and the rest of the world, and hence became the main

Wool is an important raw material for the textile industry. It enjoys its advantages in elasticity, hygroscopicity, warm maintenance and comfortable in wearing. However, due to the comparatively high cost, there haven’t seen a lot of daily usages. Non-woven fabrics made from good wool are limited to some high-class industrial fabrics such as needle-punched felts and high-grade needle felts. Wool textiles are known for their luxurious, elegant and comfortable natural style. Cashmere fiber, in particular, has the reputation of “soft gold”.


In all, here above are some commonly used materials in knitting production such as socks and gloves. Hoping it would enrich your understandings to this field and guide your further choices and orders.

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2018-12-10T09:03:09+00:00 Industry News|2 Comments


  1. sobir October 29, 2018 at 7:17 am - Reply

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